Diabetes is a physical condition that lasts for a lifetime and causes over 1 million deaths every year worldwide. In addition, anyone with diabetes can be infected. Diabetes occurs when the body fails to break all the blood sugar (glucose). This complication can lead to a heart attack, a stroke in people. Also, due to diabetes, people can become blind, spoil the kidneys and sometimes have to cut the lower body. This problem is increasing all over the world. At present, the number of people with diabetes is more than 12 billion. That number is four times higher than it was 30 years ago, according to the World Health Organization. Doctors say that even with such a high risk of diabetes, more than half of people who are infected are not aware of the disease. However, adherence to certain rules of living can prevent diabetes in many cases. Here are 6 important things you need to know about Diabetes we have discussed.
Also Read : How to keep your Heart Healthy & Disease Free
Why is diabetes?
When we eat a meal, our body breaks down the sugars of that food and converts it to sugar (glucose). The hormone called insulin released from the pancreas directs our body’s cells to accept sugar. This sugar acts as the body’s fuel or energy. Diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce insulin or it does not function properly. And as a result, sugar begins to accumulate in the blood.
What kind of diabetes is there?
Different types of diabetes. Insulin production from pancreas stops in type one diabetes. Glucose begins to accumulate in the bloodstream. Scientists have yet to figure out why this is so. However, they believe that there may be genetic reasons. Or it can happen even if the insulin producing cells are damaged by a virus infection in the pancreas. About 10 percent of people with diabetes suffer from this type of van. The other is type two diabetes.
People who suffer from this type of diabetes do not produce enough insulin to burn or this hormone does not work properly. Usually middle-aged or older people are infected with type 2 diabetes. People who are overweight and who have to work most of the time sitting down are also more likely to have this type of diabetes. People in certain areas are also at risk for diabetes. That includes South Asia. Many women may still have diabetes after having children. When their body does not produce enough insulin for themselves and their child, they can become diabetic.
One study found that 6 to 16 percent of pregnant women can have diabetes. By keeping your body’s sugar levels under control through diet, bodybuilding or insulin, it is possible to avoid the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
What is the symptom of diabetes?
- Found thirsty too
- Urinating more often than usual.
- Feel tired
- Weight loss without any reason
- Repeatedly infected with inflammatory disease
- The vision is blurred
- When it is cut somewhere in the body it is too late to dry
Doctors say the symptoms of type 1 diabetes can be seen in childhood and become more complex as you get older. The risk of type 2 diabetes increases with age 40 years. However, this risk is created among people in South Asia since they were 25 years old. Those who have parents, siblings, or overweight, people in a South Asian country, Afro-Caribbean or Black African are also at higher risk.
Is diabetes possible to prevent?
Although diabetes is genetic and dependent on your lifestyle, you can still control sugar levels in your blood. That’s why you need to be especially aware of your diet and you need to be a very active person. Processed foods and drinks should be avoided. Instead of marshmallow flour, bread must be eaten with roasted flour. White pasta, pastries, fizzy drinks, sugary drinks, sweets, etc. should be avoided. And healthy foods include cereals, vegetables, fruits, beans and fat grains. Better to eat healthy oils, nuts. Fish that have Omega Three oils should eat more. Such as sardines, salmon and mackerel. It is necessary to eat a small amount without breaking the stomach at one time. It is possible to reduce blood sugar levels by exercising or exercising the body.
Doctors say exercise needs to be done for two and a half hours every week. It also includes fast walking and climbing stairs. Keeping the weight low, sugar levels can be controlled. If you have to lose weight, then it has to be done slowly. From half a kilogram to one kilogram a week. Quit smoking is also important. Monitor cholesterol levels. The higher the risk, the higher the risk of heart disease.
What complications can be caused by diabetes?
Excessive amount of sugar in the blood can cause serious damage to the arteries. If the blood cannot flow properly in the body, if the blood does not reach the places where blood is needed, then the risk of nerve damage is increased. As a result, people may lose vision power. Infection can occur on the legs. World Health Organization says diabetes is a major cause behind blindness, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, etc.
How many people suffer from diabetes?
As a World Health Organization in 1980, the number of people with diabetes was around 11 million. In 2014, it grew to more than 42 billion. In 1980, people under the age of 18 were less than 5 percent but their number increased to 8.5 percent in 2014. The International Diabetes Federation says nearly 80 percent of the adult population suffering from diabetes is in the middle and low-income countries, where fast-food habits are changing. The agency says that in 2016 there were approximately 16 million deaths due to diabetes.
Source: BBC, Image: Unsplash